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34.1 Accounting policy

Annual Report 2019 > 34.1 Accounting policy
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Derivatives include financial instruments held for trading as well as financial instruments constituting a hedge of fair value or cash flows.
Derivative financial instruments held for trading are recognized at fair value on the transaction date and subsequently measured at fair value in accordance with the rules described in section 9.1.3.
Derivatives are recognized as financial assets if their fair value is positive or as financial liabilities if it is negative.
Changes of fair value of derivatives that are not hedges are recognized under “Net movement in fair value of assets and liabilities measured at fair value”.
As at 31 December 2019, PZU Group companies were not parties to agreements including embedded derivatives whose character and related risks were not closely linked to the base agreement.
The PZU Group took advantage of the option available in IFRS 9 and continues to apply hedge accounting in accordance with IAS 39.

Hedge accounting recognizes is used to recognize the offsetting effects on profit or loss of changes in the fair values of the hedging instrument and the hedged item. Hedge accounting is applied if the following conditions are fulfilled:

  • at the inception of the hedge there is formal designation and documentation of the hedging relationship and the risk management objective and strategy for undertaking the hedge. The documentation includes identification of the hedging instrument, the hedged item, the nature of the risk being hedged and how the entity will assess the hedging instrument’s effectiveness;
  • the hedge is expected to be highly effective in achieving offsetting changes in fair value or cash flows, consistently with the originally documented risk management strategy for that particular hedging relationship;
  • in the case of cash flows it is highly probable that a hedged transaction occurs that is exposed to changes in cash flows affecting the profit and loss account;
  • the effectiveness of the hedge can be reliably measured, i.e. the cash flows of the hedged item and the fair value of the hedging instrument can be reliably measured;
  • The hedge is assessed on an ongoing basis and determined actually to have been highly effective throughout the financial reporting periods for which the hedge was designated.